Shock waves have been used since the 1980s for non-invasive destruction of kidney stones. Here, sound pulses with pressures of up to 150MPa and rise times in the nanosecond range are generated by a sound source and focused on the stone by means of suitable reflectors or surface geometry in the patient's body.
During the treatment of kidney stones it was found that shock waves have a positive influence on bone growth. Since then shock waves have been successfully used for a variety of therapeutic applications, such as pseudarthrosis and tendinopathies. In addition, shock waves are also used in many other areas, mostly empirically.
For all these applications it is not yet clear which shock wave or sound field parameters are necessary for a successful therapy. In order to investigate this relationship in more detail, simulations, experimental setups and clinical studies are carried out together with biological and clinical partners from different disciplines.